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Maryland S Corporation Formation Services
Start setting up your Maryland S Corporation now - without any obligation. Save all of your incorporation information until you’re ready to incorporate.
MaxFilings competitive pricing is simple and straight forward - it includes all Maryland fees and other charges. There are absolutely no “hidden charges” to surprise you later.
Maryland S Corporations are for those who want the limited liability and the more formal structure of a corporation but with pass-through taxation of the business profits. A Maryland S Corporation is simply a standard corporation that becomes an S Corporation when its shareholders elect special tax status with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) by filing an IRS Form 2553 (after filing its official documents with Maryland).
Like a Maryland C Corporation, a Maryland S Corporation is recognized by the law as an individual entity, separate from its shareholders (owners), many times treated as a human being. A Maryland S corporation shareholders enjoy limited liability for the debts, obligations and liabilities incurred by the business as well as liability stemming from possible legal action. Protection of shareholders’ personal assets is one of the major reasons Maryland business owners choose to incorporate. Normally, shareholders cannot lose more than the amount they invested in the corporation. If the corporation goes bankrupt, the shareholders will not be liable for its debts. Should someone sue the corporation and the corporation is found liable, they can take the corporation’s property to satisfy the judgment but if that property does not satisfy the judgment, they will not be able to take a shareholder’s personal assets, i.e. home, car, or bank account. There are exceptions to shareholders’ limited liability to keep in mind. For example an exception to a shareholder's limited liability occurs when the corporation has --recklessly harmed people or has been used to perpetuate a fraud.
Maryland S Corporation Taxation
Unlike a Maryland C Corporation, a Maryland S Corporation does not itself pay any income taxes. While an S Corporation with more than one shareholder does file tax returns, the individual shareholders (owners) must include their share of the corporation’s income or loss on their personal tax returns, just as is done in sole proprietorships, partnerships and Limited Liability Companies (LLC’s).
To qualify as an S Corporation, an IRS Form 2553 must be filed with the Internal Revenue Service. In very few states, you will also be required to file a separate state election, as specified by that state, in order to qualify as a Sub S Corporation. As of this writing only Arkansas, New Jersey, New York, Ohio and Wisconsin require state level filing in addition to IRS filing. MaxFilings can help you with filing the IRS Form 2553 by preparing the form and sending it to you with instructions for completion and filing with the IRS. Start setting up your S Corporation now
Some Points to Consider When Forming a Maryland S Corporation
- Official documents must be filed with Maryland in order to form a Maryland corporation and state filing fees must be paid
- A an IRS Form 2553 electing special tax status must be filed with the IRS
- A Maryland S Corporation is considered by the law to be an individual entity, separate from its owners (shareholders)
- There can be some limitations as to the kind of business a Maryland S corporation is allowed to conduct
- You must hold and keep minutes that document meetings of the stockholders and board of directors
- A Maryland S Corporation cannot have more than 100 shareholders and S Corporation shareholders cannot be other corporations, Limited Liability Companies (LLC’s), partnerships, certain trusts, or non-resident aliens
- Maryland S Corporation shareholders normally enjoy limited liability and can lose no more than the amount they invested in the corporation
- Maryland S Corporation shareholders cannot normally be held liable for legal judgments against the corporation or for any of the corporation’s debts or obligations
- Protection of Maryland S Corporation shareholders’ personal assets is one of the major reasons Maryland business owners choose to incorporate
- There are exceptions to shareholders’ limited liability where shareholders can be held liable
- A Maryland S Corporation can get additional capital easier than some of the other types of business since you can issue and sell stock or a variety of other financial instruments as evidence of interest in the corporation
- The sale of stock is sometimes subject to Maryland and federal securities laws
- Ownership can be transferred by selling stock in the corporation
- While voting rights can differ, a Maryland S Corporation can have only one class of stock
- Maryland S Corporations are normally audited less frequently than sole proprietorships and partnerships
- Maryland S Corporations enjoy pass-through taxation so shareholders avoid so-called double taxation
- A Maryland S Corporation files informational tax returns but pays no income tax itself
- Maryland S corporation shareholders report their share of both income and losses on their personal tax returns so they are able to use losses to offset other income
- Income and losses must be allocated based upon ownership percentages
- Owners’ self employment taxes do not apply to salaries they are paid by the corporation
Owners & Employees
- There can be limitations on certain fringe benefits for major shareholders
- Owners working in the business are employees and are therefore eligible for certain fringe benefits such as group insurance plans, retirement and profit sharing plans, and tax-favored stock option and bonus plans
- Employees frequently prefer to work for a corporation that can offer them stock options and stock bonuses
- In a sense a corporation is immortal and perpetual since it does not end with the death of a shareholder owner as do some of the other business types
- The general public normally thinks of corporations as being more substantial than sole proprietorships and partnerships
This information is not an attempt to present all you should know when forming an S corporation in Maryland but rather to present just some of the basic information about Maryland S corporations. While we make every effort to ensure its accuracy, MaxFilings cannot and does not guarantee that all of the information is accurate or complete and/or current and it should therefore be independently verified. And, as always, you should seek the advice of qualified professionals who are familiar with your circumstances as well as applicable federal and Maryland laws.
MaxFilings helps business owners just like you form S Corporations in Maryland
- MaxFilings helps you get organized and you set the pace – you can save all your incorporation information in one handy spot online and make changes anytime until you’re ready…or you can order online right now!
- There’s never any obligation to order and there’s no charge for saving your information – you only pay your incorporation fees when you’re ready to order. Our competitive pricing includes all Maryland fees and other charges so you’ll have no surprises later.
- As you incorporate in Maryland, you need to think about growing and promoting your new corporation – MaxFilings’ online promotions partner SEO Advantage offers you expert services in PR, web development, search engine marketing, web site optimization, and graphic design.
- Best of all, your satisfaction is 100% guaranteed!